Through changing assumptions about ronggeng and the arts we see shifts in attitudes toward performance, sexuality, and religious discourse in local Islam. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves.
I have an entire section of my Transgender Awareness Training Workshop devoted to this topic because it is so confusing and I am going to devote a few pages to the topic here because there are so many labels to choose from. Look at the table below. My guess is that you have probably only heard of about half of them, and there are more labels being added every day, especially within some of the young gender queer or gender neutral communities where people are increasingly rejecting the idea of a society based on only two genders.
Transgender and transsexual are commonly confused terms that both refer to gender identity. Transgender is a broader, more inclusive category that includes all individuals who do not identify with the gender that corresponds to the sex they were assigned at birth. Transsexual is a more narrow category that includes individuals who desire to physically transition to the sex that corresponds with the gender with which they identify.
People who have intersex conditions have anatomy that is not considered typically male or female. Most people with intersex conditions come to medical attention because doctors or parents notice something unusual about their bodies. In contrast, people who are transgendered have an internal experience of gender identity that is different from most people. These are similarities.
A transvestite sometimes feels the need to dress and behave as a member of the opposite sex. Some women dress up as men, but overwhelming, transvestites are men who like to dress as women. The vast majority of male transvestites like being men.
Transvestism is the practice of dressing and acting [ citation needed ] in a style or manner traditionally associated with the opposite sex. In some cultures, transvestism is practiced for religious, traditional, or ceremonial reasons. The term is rarely applied to women.
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It was the five o'clock shadow that helped give her away — the portrait was not, as it seemed, a rather grand if slightly butch 18th-century lady with a fancy feathered hat but was in fact the Chevalier d'Eon: diplomat, soldier, spy, transvestite. The National Portrait Gallery has announced the acquisition of its first painted portrait of a man in woman's clothing; a cross-dresser who enjoyed considerable fame in both high society and popular culture. She was "a fascinating and inspirational figure", said Lucy Peltz, the gallery's curator of 18th-century portraits.